Gold down as US Fed meets
Gold prices fell on Tuesday for the first time in eight days as buyers stayed on the sidelines ahead of a US Federal Reserve policy meeting that could signal new monetary stimulus, a move that would likely power the metal's recent rally.
Bullion snapped a seven-day winning streak, which was underpinned by safe-haven bids on signs of a worsening euro zone debt crisis. Spain on Tu esday had to pay a euro-era record price to sell short-term debt, underlying that the region's troubles run much deeper than Greece.
Gold option volatility fell for a second straight day, suggesting some investors do not anticipate big price moves in the metal. The drop also tracked a similar decline in the equities options fear gauge VIX as Wall Street rallied 1 per cent on encouraging US housing data.
Gold's appeal as a hedge against economic uncertainty could also rise when the Fed issues a policy statement at the end of its two-day meeting on Wednesday. Economists said the US central bank could extend its effort to drive down borrowing costs instead of committing to a new stimulus program.
"Gold has shown itself to be very sensitive to shifts in expectations of US monetary policy. If the Fed states that it is prepared to ease policy further if the economy should weaken, this may be sufficient to support gold prices," said James Steel, chief commodity analyst at HSBC.
Spot gold was down 0.5 per cent at $US1,620.31 an ounce by 3:04 p.m. EDT (1904 GMT). Prior to Tuesday, the metal had gained around 3 per cent during its seven-day winning streak.
US gold futures for August delivery settled down $US3.80 an ounce at $US1,623.20. Trading volume was weak for a second straight day at about 40 per cent below its 30-day average, preliminary Reuters data showed.
Poor US jobs data early this month prompted talk the Fed could be pushed into a third round of asset purchases to drive down interest rates, a process known as quantitative easing.
"Clearly the shift towards easier money is much more necessary now than it was three months ago. That's good news for gold," Adrian Day, president of Adrian Day Asset Management, said.
Given an economic outlook that is weak but not recessionary, the US central bank could opt for extending "Operation Twist", its effort to drive down long-term borrowing costs by selling short-term securities to buy longer-term ones.
EFT demand up ahead of Fed
Interest from longer-term gold investors appeared to be improving. Bullion held by the world's largest gold exchange-traded fund, the SPDR Gold Trust, rose by 3 tonnes, or 0.3 per cent, to 1,281.6 tonnes, its highest level since late April.
The metal had rallied as much as 15 per cent after the Fed in January said it would keep interest rates near zero until at least late 2014. Gold has since tumbled several times, however, after Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke mentioned no further easing in his congressional testimonies.
Year-to-date, gold is up about 4 per cent. The market is still a long way off the record seen last year at $US1,920.30 an ounce.
Among other precious metals, silver was down 0.9 per cent at $US28.45 an ounce, while spot platinum edged down 0.1 per cent at $US1,473.80 an ounce. Spot palladium inched down 0.2 per cent to $US625.60 an ounce.